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Types of Leather
 

Top Grain Leather

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Leather Finishes Type
 

Aniline Finish

Casein Polished Finish

Glazed Pigment Finish

 
Applications
 

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Casein Polished Finish
Enquiry
 

Aniline/Casein PolishedThe aim of this type of finish is to produce leather, which retains its "natural" look but at the same time achieves a degree of uniformity in color with the minimum opacity necessary. This is achieved by using a mixture of aniline dyestuffs and pigmented dyestuffs bound together using casein. Pigments, unlike dyestuffs are insoluble in water or solvents and are opaque. Casein, a protein that comes from milk exists as a water-soluble colloid. It is not unlike albumen (known in the bookbinding world as 'glaire'), which is the protein present in egg white.

Binding takes place by the deposition of the binder around the pigment due to the loss of water by evaporation and also hydration of the leather fibers. Pigmented dyestuffs would not themselves adhere to leather or form a "film" so, as in the case of ordinary paints; other materials such as casein must be mixed into the finish. For this reason caseins are known as "Binders".

The leather is first sprayed with a lighter shade than required of this mixture, then a transparent 'top-off' coat with a slightly darker shade is applied. The finish is then fixed using Cationic Casein. Cationic Casein is positively charged whereas most caseins are Anionic and are negatively charged. The reaction of the negative and positive charges meeting binds the two together forming an impervious layer.

The finished leather is then polished. The combination of the darker mixture and the burnishing effect on the tips of the grain enhances the final color and gives a very attractive two-tone effect. This type of finish has all the workable properties of aniline finished leathers.
 
 
 
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Leather Cords | Leather Laces | Leather Pipings | Leather Braids | Leather Fringes | Leather Ribbons | Leather Straps
Leather Belt Blanks | Leather Threads | Leather Buttons | Leather Toggles | Leather Strings
Top Grain Leather| Split Leather| Suede Leather| Garment Leather | Carving Leather| Vegetable Dye Leather|Rawhide Leather
Aniline Finish| Casein Polished Finish| Glazed Pigment Finish
Leather Jewelry Cords| Leather Bead Cords| Craft Leather Laces | Leather Shoe Laces| Leather Purse Straps| Apparel Accessories
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